"The UK is almost certain to miss its EU 2020 targets for renewable energy, the National Grid has said.
The firm has produced UK future energy scenarios covering four different approaches in policy.
Even in the most environmentally minded scenario, the UK is projected to fail in its target of producing 15% of total energy from renewables.
The government no longer claims the 2020 target will be hit but a spokesman said the UK was making good progress.
The National Grid also says the UK will not achieve its own independently set long-term CO2 reduction plans unless tougher policies are imposed very soon.
The Climate Change Act mandates emissions cuts of 80% by 2050.
The government spokesman said the UK was still committed to the act, and last week ministers announced a world-leading interim step towards that goal.
But its advisers, the Committee on Climate Change, pointed to a huge mismatch between ministers' aspirations and their policies.
The National Grid's report says Britain's progress on wind and solar-powered electricity has been quicker than some people expected.
But the rate of progress towards electric and hydrogen cars needs to almost treble (from 15 terrawatt hours (TWh) to 40TWh) to meet the EU 2020 target.
And the uptake of clean heating systems like heat pumps is also a massive challenge - needing to increase from 35 - 95 TWh.
On National Grid's low-ambition scenario, the UK will miss the targets by nine years.
Even the greenest scenario only reaches the targets by 2022. [More]